Complete thermal burn first aid (20 minutes of cool running H2o)
- This will cool the bitumen, reduce the intensity of the burn and dissipate retained heat of the bitumen.
- Be mindful of inducing possible hypothermia with this treatment in cases of more extensive injuries.
- DO NOT overcool.
- Eye burns should also be flushed with water and do not attempt to remove bitumen
- Do NOT remove Bitumen if it is adherent to the skin.
- In cases of extensive injury, and when there is compromise or potential compromise to the patient’s airway or circulation, rapid removal, or release via incision through the bitumen may be required. These patients should be transferred to an appropriate medical facility urgently.
Clothing & Jewelry removal
- Remove belts, rings and any other constrictions, provided doing so does not cause further
- DO NOT remove clothing that is stuck to the bitumen — this may cause further injury.
- Once cooling is complete, keep the patient warm to avoid hypothermia.
- Organize transport to an appropriate medical facility, where the bitumen can be removed by an
appropriately trained medical practitioner.