The vast majority of superficial burn should heal in 10 – 12 days without complication. They heal by a process of re-epithelialization as surviving keratinocytes in the injured skin proliferate to restore the epidermal barrier (regeneration).
The goal of management is to minimise pain and the risk of infection, achieve wound healing in a timely fashion, preserve physical function and minimise cosmetic deformity. Knowledge of the evolving nature of the burn wound and an understanding of the different types of dressings and their effects on healing will facilitate good management. Important wound management principles are outlined in this section.